Mahā-gopālaka: longer discourse on cowherd (🤖 5m): “monks, a cowherd
with eleven factors can’t maintain and expand a herd of cattle.
It’s when a cowherd doesn’t know form, is unskilled in characteristics,
doesn’t pick out flies’ eggs, doesn’t dress wounds, doesn’t smoke out
pests, doesn’t know the ford, doesn’t know when they’re satisfied,
doesn’t know the trail, is not skilled in pastures, milks dry, and
doesn’t show extra respect to the bulls who are fathers and leaders of
A cowherd with these eleven factors can’t maintain and expand a herd of
In the same way, a monk with eleven qualities can’t achieve growth,
improvement, or maturity in this teaching and training.